OUR CONCEPT FOR THIS SITE
Quantum Physics has grown fast during the last hundred years and has raised widespread interest. But in spite of its unquestionable effectiveness, the picture of the world it provides continues to generate confusion, even disbelief.
- The confusion is related to the fact that reality appears to be so effectively described by abstract mathematical structures that physicists have been lead to think that mathematics could be sufficient for understanding reality.
But relying on mathematics alone can lead to arithmetic mirages. Even Einstein had such an experience when, emboldened from the success of his theories, hastily concluded, one the basis of his equations, that quantum physics requires local hidden variables to resolve the problem raised by his EPR paradox.
It took a new generation of physicists to understand, with Bell and Aspect, that contrary to Einstein's assertions no theory of local hidden variables could account for the correlations between entangled particles, which persist even at great distances.
The large diversity of different opinions on the nature of these correlations among physicists and philosophers indicates that there is something yet to be understood about these phenomena.
Moreover Einstein introduced a major change of the notions of time and simultaneity in his theory of special relativity. The change became momentous in general relativity, and is even more decisive in the context of the current attempts to write a quantum theory of gravity. The intuitive role played by time in physics is questioned in depth by these developments.
This presses us to rethink the role of time in physics, but also raises the question whether -without questioning the results of the two relativity theories- different interpretations, closer to our intuition or more compatible with quantum theory, could be viable.
- The sense of disbelief raised by quantum physics is due to the fact that the theory makes use of concepts that not only clash with common sense, but sometimes appear even to be incompatible with established scientific ideas.
Western culture is permeated by concepts of metaphysical origin, but scientific ethos restrains physicists from confronting the boundaries between physics and metaphysics. Discoveries such as the apparent instantaneous communication between distant entangled particles have puzzled Einstein, but, except in narrow circles of philosophers of science, these have not yet motivated an appropriate effort to search for a truly comprehensible rational explanation.
These questions are often met with unease by physicists, as if they were outside the domain of legitimate science.
For this reason, for example, fascinating ideas such as those developed by Penrose and Hameroff on the relation between quantum physics and consciousness, including what they call “proto-consciousness” have not, we think, received the attention they deserve.
The ill-defined boundary between physics and metaphysics must not stray away from the rational path of science, but deserves a more in-depth study.
Our concept is therefore the development of multiple lines of reflection while making all the ideas under consideration accessible to a wide audience, a goal that can be achieved, in our opinion, if we avoid using equations in order to complete our words:
1. The links between entropy and spacetime. Does the « exceptional state » of spacetime at the big bang, as advocated by Roger Penrose in his CCC concept, implies a state in which information was preserved?
This would justify the apparent notion that entropy decreases towards the past and increases towards the future. (see in section “Theses” the two articles “Consciousness in the universe and “Before the Big Bang”).
2. The boundary between physics and metaphysics. What is protoconsciousness? Does it only exist at an elementary state in particles? Or is it also present, in a more elaborate form, in what is commonly called dark energy?
If it did exist in the elaborate form of dark energy, could it be the source of the intentionality of the time-space?
If entropy is conserved and if it is inversely proportional to information, we can deduce that the intentionality of dark energy would be the source of an exchange of entropy to information in order to generate matter and life.
3. The limit of the mathematization of reality, and the necessity, after a certain point that we think has already been reached, to bring scientific thought to the extreme boundaries of science, just where the border with metaphysics lies.
4. Our concept, as well as object of this site, will be the reflection on all the points mentioned above, and we have the clear intention to encourage by all possible means physicists to not hesitate and go further in their considerations regarding these subjects.
In order to illustrate the above, we have selected in the section “Books” some texts that could elucidate our remarks, We will be adding a new book on a monthly basis, along with its summary in both French and English.